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  • 李晨,迟萍,邵桂兰.基于动态面板GMM的海运服务贸易开放度与竞争力关系的实证研究[J].国际商务研究,2015,(4):88-96    [点击复制]
  • LI Chen,CHI Ping,SHAO Gui-lan.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2015,(4):88-96   [点击复制]
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基于动态面板GMM的海运服务贸易开放度与竞争力关系的实证研究
李晨,迟萍,邵桂兰
0
摘要:
在对传统方法计算得到的海运服务贸易开放度进行修正的基础上,基于26个世界主要海运国家2001~2012年面板数据,运用动态面板广义矩估计(GMM)方法对海运服务贸易开放度与竞争力的关系进行了实证研究。结果显示:海运服务贸易开放度与竞争力之间并非简单的线性关系,而是呈现倒U型曲线关系,即在海运服务贸易自由化进程初期,一国海运服务贸易的竞争力会随其开放度的提高而增强,但开放度超越某一水平后则会给竞争力的持续提升带来负面影响。因此,中国应在海运服务贸易市场适度开放原则的指导下,适当加强对本土海运服务贸易企业的支持与保护,并通过进一步推动其管理创新等方式促进其整体竞争力提升。
关键词:  海运服务贸易  开放度  竞争力  动态面板  GMM分析
DOI:
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项“我国海运服务贸易逆差问题研究”(项目编号:201213026)、青岛市民生科技计划软科学研究项目“青岛市国际航运服务业创新发展研究”(项目编号:13-1-3-139-13-(3)-zhc)及山东省软科学研究项目“山东现代航运服务业创新路径及保障机制研究”(项目编号:2014RKE29033)。
An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Openness and Competitiveness of Maritime Transport Service Trade: Based on Dynamic Panel GMM Analysis
LI Chen,CHI Ping,SHAO Gui-lan
Abstract:
On the basis of adjusting the openness of maritime transport service trade which is calculated by traditional method and the panel data of 26 maritime countries, 2001~2012, this article does an empirical study on the relationship between the openness and competitiveness of maritime transport service trade with the dynamic panel GMM estimation method. The result shows: the openness and competitiveness of maritime transport service trade is not a simple linear relationship, but presents an inverted U relationship. During the initial period of the process of maritime transport service trade liberalization, a country’s competitiveness of maritime transport service trade will be enhanced along with the greater openness. However, when the openness surpasses a certain level, it will have a negative effect on the competitiveness. Therefore, under the guidance of moderate market opening principle of maritime transport service trade, China should enhance the support and protection to maritime transport service trade corporations, and promote their competitiveness in improving the innovation of corporation management.
Key words:  maritime transport service trade  openness  competitiveness  dynamic model  GMM

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