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  • 曾慧.外商直接投资环境效应及区域差异研究——基于面板模型的实证分析[J].国际商务研究,2016,30(2):87-96    [点击复制]
  • ZENG Hui.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2016,30(2):87-96   [点击复制]
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外商直接投资环境效应及区域差异研究——基于面板模型的实证分析
曾慧
0
摘要:
本文在构建和计算环境污染综合指数与存量FDI指标的基础上,采用1997~2012年中国31个省市自治区的省级面板数据实证检验FDI环境效应及其区域差异。结果表明,中国环境污染有明显的惯性特征,存量FDI对环境确有不利影响,“污染避难所”假说在长期内存在。FDI环境效应的区域差异明显,短期来看,FDI对东部地区有不显著的正面影响,却无益于中西部地区环境质量的改善。长期来看,FDI对3个地区皆有不利的影响,且呈现出“东高西低”的梯度特征。
关键词:  环境污染综合指数  存量FDI  动态面板模型  静态面板模型
DOI:
基金项目:浙江省哲学社会科学基金项目“FDI影响环境的机制与效应研究——以浙江省为例”(项目编号:12JCJJ14YB);浙江省统计局研究课题“FDI环境效应研究——以浙江省为例”(项目编号:10);浙江省高校人文社科重点研究基地(浙江工商大学统计学)。
Environmental Effects of FDI and Regional Differences: An Empirical Research Based on Panel Data Model
ZENG Hui
Abstract:
Based on the environment pollution composite index and FDI stock,we use panel model to empirically test the influence of FDI on environment and its regional difference. It turns out that there is obvious inertia in environment pollution of China, FDI stock makes a harmful effect on environment quality, and the“pollution haven”hypothesis would exist in a long run. The research also shows the environmental influence of FDI has a significant regional difference: in the short term, FDI has a non-significant positive effect on eastern area but has no good to improve the environment quality of mid-west area; in the long term, FDI has negative influence on all three areas, which presents gradient feature of “high east and low west”.
Key words:  environment pollution composite index  FDI stock  dynamic panel model  static panel model

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