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  • 马述忠,陈亚平,刘梦恒.对外直接投资逆向技术溢出与全球农业价值链地位提升——基于G20国家的经验研究[J].国际商务研究,2017,(3):5-17    [点击复制]
  • MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng,MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng,MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2017,(3):5-17   [点击复制]
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对外直接投资逆向技术溢出与全球农业价值链地位提升——基于G20国家的经验研究
马述忠,陈亚平,刘梦恒
0
摘要:
中国农业处于全球农业价值链的“微笑曲线”谷底,长期遭受不平等待遇。对农产品出口技术复杂度所作的测算显示,相对于G20国家而言,中国农业在全球农业价值链地位并不高,且与最高国家差距呈现逐渐扩大的趋势。对G20国家农业OFDI数据所作的面板回归表明,农业OFDI存在溢出效应,能够提升母国农业出口贸易品技术含量,且其提升需要“学习过程”。此外,农业FDI对出口贸易品技术含量的影响具有滞后性。据此,研究认为,中国为了实现全球农业价值链地位的攀升,应该进一步鼓励农业企业“走出去”;改善农业投资环境,为外商直接投资创造条件;提高对外开放程度,为农业发展提供支持;推动金融体制改革,提高国内金融服务发展程度。
关键词:  农业  全球价值链  对外直接投资  逆向技术溢出
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于默会知识学习的全球农业价值链战略性嵌入研究”(项目编号:71473217)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目“基于开放与集聚的中国贸易成本及其边界效应研究”(项目编号:14YJA790038)、浙江省大学生科技创新活动计划暨新苗人才计划“基于OLIC-G的中国OFDI理论创新及其政策含义研究”(项目编号:2016R401222)。
Reverse Technology Spillover of Outward Foreign Direct Investment and the Promotion of Position of the Agricultural Global Value Chain: Evidence from G20
MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng,MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng,MA Shu-zhong CHEN Ya-ping LIU Meng-heng
Abstract:
China’s agriculture is at the bottom of the“smile curve”of the global agricultural value chain, which has long suffered from unequal treatment. The calculation results of the technical complexity of the export of agricultural products show that, compared with the G20 countries, China’s agricultural export technology is not high, and the gap between the highest countries showing a gradually expanding trend. Regression of the G20’s agricultural OFDI panel data shows that agricultural OFDI features spillover effect and it can enhance the technical content of export of agricultural products in home country, and the enhancement needs a “learning process”. In addition, the impact of agricultural FDI on the technical content of export products is lagging behind. Therefore, in order to realize the rise of global agricultural value chain position, China should further encourage agricultural enterprises to“go global”; improving agricultural investment environment and creating conditions for foreign direct investment also help to enhance the position of the value chain. Meanwhile, China should open winder, providing support for agricultural development; what’s more, promotion of the financial system reform and improvement of the domestic financial services are also important for China’s agricultural global value chain.
Key words:  agriculture  global value chain  OFDI  reverse technology spillover

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