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  • 胡建国,杨雨馨.“WTO上诉机构发表咨询意见”否定论[J].国际商务研究,2019,(4):26-35    [点击复制]
  • HU Jianguo,YANG Yuxin.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2019,(4):26-35   [点击复制]
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“WTO上诉机构发表咨询意见”否定论
胡建国,杨雨馨
0
南开大学法学院,天津 300350
摘要:
美国将 WTO上诉机构针对解决一项争端并无必要的问题做出的裁决,即不必要裁决,视为咨询意见并持续提出批评,引起国际社会广泛关注。美国所谓的不必要裁决,既非咨询意见,大多数情况下也并非没有必要。上诉机构必须解决提起上诉的每一个法律问题,澄清 WTO现有规则从而为多边贸易体制增加安全性和可预期性。一项裁决对解决争端是否必要,属于上诉机构司法裁量权的范围。上诉机构发表的大多数所谓咨询意见有重要的有效化解和预防争端的功能。
关键词:  上诉机构  不必要裁决  咨询意见  附带意见
DOI:
基金项目:国家社科基金青年项目“世贸组织裁决的国内执行问题研究”(项目编号:14CFX081);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“WTO上诉机构成员遴选法律问题研究”(项目编号:63192246)。
The Case against Argument “WTO Appellate Body Issuing Advisory Opinion”
HU Jianguo,YANG Yuxin
Abstract:
The United States regards the ruling of the Appellate Body on“issuing not necessary for the settlement of a dispute”as advisory opinions and continues to criticize it, which has aroused widespread concern in the international community. The unnecessary ruling called by the United States is neither an advisory opinion, nor in most cases unnecessary. The Appellate Body must address each legal issue raised during the appeal and clarify existing WTO rules so as to provide security and predictability for the multilateral trading system. Whether a ruling is necessary for the resolution of dispute falls within the discretion of the Appellate body. The most so-called advisory opinions issued by the Appellate Body have important functions of effectively resolving and preventing disputes.
Key words:  Appellate Body  unnecessary ruling  advisory opinions  obiter dictum

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