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  • 余敏友,张继荣.论WTO改革新议程——启动与疫情防控有关贸易措施协定的谈判[J].国际商务研究,2020,(4):38-52    [点击复制]
  • YU Minyou,ZHANG Jirong.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2020,(4):38-52   [点击复制]
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论WTO改革新议程——启动与疫情防控有关贸易措施协定的谈判
余敏友,张继荣
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武汉大学法学院,湖北 武汉 430072;武汉大学中国边界与海洋研究院,湖北 武汉 430072
摘要:
全球新冠病毒肺炎疫情对国际贸易造成巨大冲击,全球疫情危机呼吁 WTO改革。中国可以作为倡议者和发起国,提出 WTO疫情防控有关贸易措施(货物、服务和知识产权)协定的谈判倡议,邀请有关疫情防控物品出口国和进口国,把保护人类和动植物的生命或健康必需的贸易措施具体化,拟定 WTO管理的公共健康与全球疫情防治贸易措施协定,先谈诸边协定,后谈多边协定,建立 WTO体制内应对国际疫情的专门贸易制度,发挥 WTO在全球疫情防控贸易制度中的主导作用,切实推进关税减让和贸易便利化、发展中国家权益保障以及经济复苏等具体议程。
关键词:  全球疫情危机  WTO改革  疫情防控贸易措施协定  国际疫情应急贸易制度
DOI:
基金项目:2018年国家社科基金“新时代海洋强国建设”重大研究专项“陆海经济一体化增强我国在南海维权手段和能力研究”(项目编号:18VHQ012)。
A New Agenda for WTO Reform—Initiating Negotiations on the Agreement on Trade Measures Related to Pandemic Prevention and Control
YU Minyou,ZHANG Jirong
Abstract:
The Pandemic has caused a huge impact on international trade, and calls for WTO reform. China can, as an initiator, propose the negotiation proposal of the WTO agreement on trade-related measures (goods, services and intellectual property) for the prevention and control of the pandemic. China may invite major exporters and importers of pandemic prevention and control products to concretize trade measures necessary for the health protection of human, animal and even plant, and formulate an agreement on trade measures for public health and pandemic prevention and control administered by the WTO. A plurilateral agreement first, and then a multilateral agreement. WTO will fully play the leading role in the global trade system for pandemic prevention and control, and earnestly advance specific agendas such as tariff reduction, trade facilitation, protection of the rights and interests of developing countries, and economic recovery.
Key words:  global pandemic crisis  WTO reform  agreement on trade measures related to pandemic prevention and control  international pandemic emergency trade system

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