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  • 董静然,顾泽平.美欧外资安全审查法律制度新发展与中国之应对[J].国际商务研究,2020,(5):74-85    [点击复制]
  • DONG Jingran,GU Zeping.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2020,(5):74-85   [点击复制]
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美欧外资安全审查法律制度新发展与中国之应对
董静然,顾泽平
0
上海对外经贸大学贸易谈判学院,上海 200336;上海交通大学凯原法学院,上海200030
摘要:
伴随着近年来国际贸易、国际投资的不断走低,保护主义势力抬头,逆全球化现象正在全球蔓延。美欧出台了新的外商投资国家安全审查法律制度。中国在《外商投资法》中也确立了外商投资安全审查制度。目前,美欧的外国投资国家安全审查体现出收紧的趋势,美国通过了 FIRRMA,欧盟通过了《外国直接投资审查条例》。中国应当抓住如今国际经贸体系转型的时机完善自身的外商投资安全审查制度,反思现有制度的不足,结合大趋势,尽快出台外商投资安全审查制度专项立法;明晰联席会议内部职责划分,合理设置决策机制;统一审查标准,结合时代需求设置安全审查因素等。
关键词:  FIRRMA  《外国直接投资审查条例》  外商投资安全审查制度
DOI:
基金项目:中国法学会 2018年度部级法学研究课题“逆全球化视阈下国际投资准入规则与中国应对研究”(项目编号:CLS(2018)D163);国家自然科学基金应急项目“以中国实践为基础的 WTO投资改革研究”(项目编号:71941003)。
The New Development of Legal System of Foreign Investment Security Review in the US and the European Union and China’s Response
DONG Jingran,GU Zeping
Abstract:
With the continuous decline in international trade and international investment, rising protectionism in the recent years, the phenomenon of anti-globalization is spreading globally. The United States and the European Union have introduced new legislation for national security review of foreign investment. China has also established a foreign investment security review system in the newly published PRC Foreign Investment Law. The current national security review of foreign investment in the United States and Europe have shown a tightening trend. For example, Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act and the European Framework for Screening of Foreign Direct Investments were published in the United States and the European Union respectively. China should seize the opportunity of the transformation of the international economic and trade rule system to improve its foreign investment security review system. China should reflect on the shortcomings of the existing system and it is proposed to (i) introduce the special legislation on the foreign investment security review system as soon as possible; (ii) clarify the internal responsibilities of the joint meeting and establish reasonable decision-making mechanisms; (iii) unify review standards and set security review factors in line with the times.
Key words:  FIRRMA  EU Framework for FDI Screening  security review system of foreign investment

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