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  • 杨亚平,张侠.中国对外直接投资和出口对“一带一路”沿线国家出口技术复杂度的影响[J].国际商务研究,2020,(5):96-108    [点击复制]
  • YANG Yaping,ZHANG Xia.[cn_title][J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2020,(5):96-108   [点击复制]
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中国对外直接投资和出口对“一带一路”沿线国家出口技术复杂度的影响
杨亚平,张侠
0
暨南大学经济学院,广东 广州 510632
摘要:
中国将发展成果惠及世界,并借助“一带一路”建设,用中国智慧和中国方案提升沿线国家出口技术复杂度,帮助沿线国家走出全球价值链“暗角”。以中国影响世界的视角,基于 2003~2017年“一带一路”沿线国家面板数据进行实证研究,结果表明:在总体上,中国出口贸易能够显著提升沿线国家的出口技术复杂度;在“一带一路”倡议提出前后,中国对外直接投资对沿线国家出口技术复杂度的作用由不明显转变为正向促进,出口贸易的积极作用则有些减弱。进一步研究表明,中国对外直接投资对沿线国家出口技术复杂度的影响随着其经济发展水平呈“U”型。当沿线国家人均 GDP高于第二个门槛值时,对外直接投资对沿线国家出口技术复杂度的影响表现为正。
关键词:  对外直接投资  出口贸易  “一带一路”  出口技术复杂度  门槛效应
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“中国对外直接投资企业选址、进入策略与经营绩效提升研究 :基于多维制度距离和多元化组织学习视角”(项目编号:71773040);教育部重大攻关项目“我国全要素生产率提升与测算研究”(项目编号:17JZD013);国家社会科学基金重点项目“粤港澳大湾区创新生态系统优化的体制机制与政策研究”(项目编号:19AZD008)。
The Effect of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Export on Export Technological Sophistication of the Countries along the Belt and Road
YANG Yaping,ZHANG Xia
Abstract:
China’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) and export to the countries along the Belt and Road are growing rapidly. However, little is known about how China’s OFDI and export impacts export technological sophistication of countries along the Belt and Road. Adopting panel data from 62 countries along the Belt and Road between 2003 and 2017, this paper empirically examines how China’s OFDI and export impacts export technological sophistication of the countries along the Belt and Road. This paper finds that China’s export can significantly increase the export technological sophistication of the countries along the Belt and Road. While China’s OFDI and the export technological sophistication of the countries along the Belt and Road are not linked before the Belt and Road initiatives is proposed, both are significantly linked after the Belt and Road Initiatives is proposed. In addition, China’s OFDI plays a major role instead of China’s export. Further research shows that there is a threshold effect between China’s OFDI and export technological sophistication of the countries along the Belt and Road. The impact of OFDI on export technological sophistication shows a U shape with the economic development level of the countries along the Belt and Road.
Key words:  outward foreign direct investment  export  the Belt and Road  export technological sophistication  threshold effect

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