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  • 王中美,徐乾宇.战略排他与规则重构:试析美国 FTA的贸易政策涵义[J].国际商务研究,2021,(4):3-15    [点击复制]
  • WANG Zhongmei,XU Qianyu.战略排他与规则重构:试析美国 FTA的贸易政策涵义[J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2021,(4):3-15   [点击复制]
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战略排他与规则重构:试析美国 FTA的贸易政策涵义
王中美,徐乾宇
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上海国际问题研究院世界经济研究所,上海 200020;上海社会科学院世界经济研究所,上海 200025
摘要:
自由贸易协定(FTA)作为美国贸易政策的三大工具之一,其地位近年来逐步上升。通过对美国近 20年签署的 FTA文本的分析,并将其与欧盟、日本各自签署的 FTA进行比较,可以发现,美国的 FTA在文本框架、基本条款、政策方向等方面一以贯之,具有明显的贸易政策强化倾向,较之其他国家的 FTA标准更高,特别是国境后规则。最近几年,FTA作为三大贸易政策工具与美国单边主义相互补充,进一步倾向于排他性、规则重构和控制强化。
关键词:  自由贸易协定  贸易政策  美国  一致性与一贯性
DOI:
基金项目:国家社科基金重大专项课题“‘一带一路’建设与国际经贸规则研究”(项目编号:19VDL019);上海市浦江人才计划项目“美式标准的国际贸易投资规则的沿革、趋势与中国的应对”(项目编号:16PJC068)。
Strategic Exclusion and Rule Reconstruction: On the Implications of the US FTA Trade Policy
WANG Zhongmei,XU Qianyu
Abstract:
The status of Free Trade Agreement (FTA), as one of the three major tools of US trade policy, has gradually risen in recent years. Through the analysis of the FTA texts signed by the United States in the past twenty years, and comparing them with the FTAs signed by the European Union and Japan, we can find that the US FTAs are consistent in respect of text framework, basic terms, policy direction, etc., with an obvious tendency to strengthen trade policy and higher FTA standards than other countries, especially post-border rules. In recent years, FTA, as a complement with US unilateralism in the three trade policy tools, tends to prefer exclusivity, rule restructuring and enhanced control.
Key words:  free trade agreement  trade policy  US  consistency and succession

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