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  • 徐国庆,黄繁华.价值链分工背景下技术进步对跨国工资差距影响研究[J].国际商务研究,2021,(4):47-62    [点击复制]
  • XU Guoqing,HUANG Fanhua.价值链分工背景下技术进步对跨国工资差距影响研究[J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2021,(4):47-62   [点击复制]
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价值链分工背景下技术进步对跨国工资差距影响研究
徐国庆,黄繁华
0
东华理工大学经济与管理学院,江西 南昌 310000;南京大学经济学院,江苏 南京210093
摘要:
本文基于价值链分工背景下的技术进步视角,分析了其对国家间工资差距和一国内部工资差距的影响,研究发现:价值链参与度的提升会扩大不同收入国家之间的工资差距,价值链分工地位的提升则仅对中等收入国家之间的工资差距起到扩大作用;在技术进步因素中,研发投入的增加会扩大不同收入国家之间的工资差距;在国内工资差距上,价值链参与度的提升会扩大中等收入国家或劳动力净流出国家的内部工资差距,价值链分工地位的提升会缩小劳动力净流入国家内部的工资差距和扩大劳动力净流出国家内部的工资差距;技术进步因素中,研发投入扩大高收入国家内部的工资差距。因此,为了缩小一国与其他国家之间的工资差距以及国内工资差距,应积极参与全球价值链分工,加大研发投入和高技能劳动力的引入。
关键词:  价值链分工  技术进步  工资差距
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“描述性创新信息披露与企业创新:作用机制与经济后果”(项目编号:72064001);东华理工大学地质资源经济与管理研究中心项目(项目编号:19JJ02);江西省教育厅科学研究项目(项目编号:GJJ190400);东华理工大学博士科研启动基金(项目编号:DHBK2019387)。
Research on the Influence of Technological Progress on Transnational Wage Gap in the Context of Value Chain Trade
XU Guoqing,HUANG Fanhua
Abstract:
Based on the perspective of technological progress in the context of value chain trade, this paper analyzes its impact on wage gaps between different countries and a domestic wage gap, and finds that under the role of rigid wage factors, value chain participation is only for middle-income countries. The wage level has played a significant positive promotion role, and the value chain division position and the vertical specialization division index have also played a significant positive role in boosting wages in high-income countries; among technological advances, R&D investment and foreign direct investment have played a significant positive role in wage levels in different income countries. In the domestic wage gap, it is found that value chain participation will significantly reduce the domestic wage gap between high-income countries or net inflows of labor force, and the value chain division position and vertical specialization index will also reduce domestic wages in middle-income countries or net labor-outflow countries. Technological progress factors, such as R&D investment in different types of countries, have played a role in narrowing within the wage gap. In order to promote the improvement of the wage level of a country and the reduction of the domestic wage gap, it is necessary to actively participate in the global value chain and increase the investment in R&D and the introduction of highly skilled labor.
Key words:  division of labor in value chain  technological progress  wage gap

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