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  • 高运胜,杨阳.垂直专业化分工视角下中国出口欧盟竞争力的重新评估[J].国际商务研究,2021,(4):63-73    [点击复制]
  • GAO Yunsheng,YANG Yang.垂直专业化分工视角下中国出口欧盟竞争力的重新评估[J].INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH,2021,(4):63-73   [点击复制]
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垂直专业化分工视角下中国出口欧盟竞争力的重新评估
高运胜,杨阳
0
上海对外经贸大学国际经贸学院,上海201620
摘要:
欧盟作为中国最大贸易伙伴,精准度量中国出口欧盟市场国际竞争力尤为必要。本文采用 2000~2014年 WIOD世界投入产出数据库前向增加值分解方法,嵌入传统的显示性比较优势测算方法中,基于垂直专业化分工视角对中国制造业与服务业出口欧盟竞争力进行再评估。研究结果表明:中国制造业竞争优势被“高估”,劳动密集型制造业短期仍然具有竞争优势但将逐渐减弱,服务业总体处于竞争劣势,但交通运输、金融业、电水气供应、电信等呈现中间投入特征的生产性服务业竞争力则一定程度被低估。
关键词:  垂直专业化分工  前向增加值分解方法  国际竞争力  重新评估
DOI:
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(项目编号:17BJL107);国家自然科学基金面上项目(项目编号:71874106);国家社会科学基金青年项目(项目编号:19CJY025)。
Re-estimation of the Competitiveness of China’s Export to EU: Based on the Perspective of Vertical Specialization
GAO Yunsheng,YANG Yang
Abstract:
It is particularly necessary to accurately measure the international competitiveness of China’s export to EU. In this paper, the forward value added decomposition of the WIOD from 2000 to 2014 is adopted to embed the traditional method to re-evaluate the export competitiveness of China’s manufacturing and service industries to EU. The research results show that the Chinese capital and technology intensity manufacturing’s competitive advantage is overvalued, but will be competitive disadvantage in the long run. Labor-intensive short-term has a competitive advantage but it is weakening. Almost all services have no international competitiveness, but transportation, finance, supply of electricity, heat and gas, telecommunications with characteristics of intermediate input of producer services are underestimated to a certain extent.
Key words:  vertical specialization  trade value-added forward-linkage decomposition  international competitiveness  re-estimation

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